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Mod. 24 Steilhandgranate

Mod. 24 Steilhandgranate

Mod. 24 Steilhandgranate

A picture of a cutaway Mod. 24 Steilhandgranate 'potato masher' hand grenade.

This image has been released into the public domain by its author, Dickbauch.


Model 24 Stielhandgranate

The Model 24 Stielhandgranate ("stalk hand grenade") was the principal hand grenade used by the German military from 1924 to the end of World War 2. Essentially a blast-effect concussion grenade, the weapon consisted of an explosive head with a 5-second chemical fuse armed using a pull-cord friction igniter.

The Model 24 was a further simplification of the series of grenades that began in World War 1 with the Model 15 Stielhandgranate (which initially featured a loose pull cord, with a threaded cap screwed into the base of the shaft added to retain the cord after several unfortunate accidents) and progressed through the Model 16 Stielhandgranate and Model 17 Stielhandgranate. The primary change in the Model 24 was the elimination of the belt clip on the grenade's head, and less obviously it also got rid of the star-shaped grip on the base of the end cap.

The long handle allowed the Model 24 to be thrown significantly further than a standard grenade, at a cost of increased size and weight per grenade. Complaints about the relatively small blast radius led to the development of the Splitterring fragmentation sleeve in 1942.

The long handle and club-like head earned the weapon the nickname of "potato masher" among Allied troops. The structure of the grenade allowed for some unorthodox uses such as suspending grenades from barbed wire by their cords so that any disturbance would arm them, and the creation of the "Geballte Ladung" ("bundled charge") where six additional grenade heads were secured around the head of a central grenade with wire to create a powerful improvised demolition charge.

A smoke version (Nebelhandgranate 39) marked with a white band (and later a grooved handle so it would not be mistaken for an HE grenade in the dark) was designed in 1939, and models for the Russian front (where the original model often failed to detonate in cold weather) feature a "K" ("Kalt," "Cold") marking. Attempts were made to replace the Model 24 with simpler grenades, with these including the Model 39 Eihandgranate and Model 43 Stielhandgranate, but the Model 24 remained in production until the end of the war.


Stielhandgranate 24

The German grenades in service during World War II relied on blast (also called concussive effect) rather than fragmentation for effect. The two basic types were the Stielhandgranate (handle hand grenade) stick grenade - often called a potato masher and practically unchanged since World War I - and the smaller, round Eihandgranate (egg hand grenade).

Germany introduced the stick grenade design in 1915. These grenades used friction ignition, a mechanism widely used in German grenades but rarely by other nations. A pull cord ran down the hollow handle, terminating in a porcelain ball. To use the grenade, a soldier pulled the cord and threw stick. When pulled, the cord would draw a roughened steel pin through a sensitive chemical in the head that would then ignite and start the five-second fuse burning.

The first stick grenades had an open bottom from which the cord would dangle. These exposed pull cords could snag and set off a grenade, causing severe injuries, and one of the first improvements to the design was the addition of a metal cap that screwed on the open end of the handle to hide the cord and bead.

The charge of the Stielhandgranate 24 (StiGr 24) consisted of a thin sheet-metal head that contained the high-explosive bursting charge. Because blast, or concussive, effect isn't as lethal over as wide a burst as shrapnel is, Germany kept moving to larger stick grenades. The StiGr 39 was essentially a heavier StiGr 24 with more explosive. After 1942, the StiGr 24 could have its anti-personnel effect enhanced by the manual addition of Splitterringe (shrapnel rings), grooved fragmentation sleeves that clipped over the head of the grenade, but these never saw much use.

While Allied fragmentation grenades were more deadly over a wider area, the German Stielhandgranate could be thrown farther, thanks to the leverage the handle provided.

A later variation, the StiGr 43, had the detonator relocated to the top of the grenade head. This not only simplified manufacture but also allowed soldiers to throw the grenade without the stick or to place them as mines or in booby traps. All stick designs could be hung from fence wire any disturbance to a dangling grenade would start the fuse. For specialized demolition charges or anti-vehicle work, six StiGr 43 grenade heads could be secured round a seventh in a configuration known as a Geballte Ladung (clenched charge).


Medal of Honor: Frontline [ edit | edit source ]

The Stielhandgranate appears in Medal of Honor: Frontline as the default German infantry grenade. They have the same effect that all explosive weapons have.


Description [ edit source ]

The Model 24 Stielhandgranate also called Potato Masher in British army slang served as the grenade of choice for Germany throughout World Wars I and II, and is one of the most recognizable weapons of the 20th century.

The wooden handle of the M24 serves as a physical lever, allowing greater throw range than traditional pineapple-shaped grenades. Its shape made it less likely to roll very far from the site of impact, making it a weapon of precision. A pull cord runs the hollow length of the handle, ending at the bottom. A soldier need only twist the bottom cap and pull the cord free to arm the grenade before throwing. The M24 is exclusively a concussive grenade, relying on blast effect to do its damage. This proved ineffective for a defensive role. Rather than devise a new type of grenade, German engineers devised a frag sleeve, which could be fastened over the explosive charge. This added a powerful wave of shrapnel to the M24's detonation.

Toward the end of World War II, this grenade was phased out and replaced with the M43, which combined the arming mechanism and explosive charge into the head of the grenade. This allowed the charge to be removed from its stick and placed as a booby trap. The grenade was otherwise identical in function, and retained its fit for standard frag sleeves.


History [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten ]

The Model 24 Stielhandgranate was developed in 1915 and it was slightly modified in 1917. It was used extensively as the standard hand grenade of Germany during World War II and although the Model 43 was meant to replace it, the Model 24 was used until 1945.

This also meant that basically everywhere German troops were fighting, Model 24 Stielhandgranates were used. Some of these places included the Eastern Front, the Western Front, and North Africa. German troops took Model 24 Stielhandgranate with them in cases that fitted them in racks. The Model 24 Stielhandgranate later became one of the most easily recognisable hand grenades of the 20th century.


German Grenade

KOPASSUS Incorporated presents a new release for Left 4 Dead 2 - German Grenade, replacing the Pipe Bomb. The model and textures have been released quite a while ago and I thought it might be nice to try them out in Left 4 Dead 2.

  1. Copy the 2 .vpk files (depending on if you want a custom HUD or not) and paste them to: C:Program Files (x86)SteamSteamAppscommonLeft 4 Dead 2left4dead2addons
  2. Play the game!

The model looks great, but the textures, well.

On the actual grenade, the top is not black, plus this weird green look on the screenshot makes it look like it's heavily coated in oil.

By the way, that thing is a "Model 24 Stielhandgranate", not just a german grenade.

These things came a dozen of different color shades, depending on where and when they were produced.

I actually released all color variations i have ever seen as a pack. Maybe they can be added to this release as well.

About the shader part you are totally right, that is a little bit off.

On the actual grenade, the top is not black, plus this weird green look on the screenshot makes it look like it's heavily coated in oil.

By the way, that thing is a "Model 24 Stielhandgranate", not just a german grenade.

wasnt lynx supposed to animate this


Tartalomjegyzék

Bádoglemezből készült fejjel és üreges fa nyéllel ellátott késleltető gyújtós kézigránát. A mindkét végén vasalt és zsinórmenettel ellátott nyél felső részében található a dörzsgyújtó, amelynek húzózsinórját a nyél másik végén lévő zárókupak lecsavarása után a zsinórra kötött porcelán gyöngynél fogva lehet kirántani. A fej lecsavarása után láthatóvá válik a nyél felső végén a gyutacs befogadására szolgáló és szállítás közben zárócsavarral lezárt nyílás a gyutacs felső része a fej belsejében kialakított üregbe kerül az összeszerelés után. A gránát fejének többi részét a robbanóanyag tölti ki.

A háború alatt acéllemezből készült, esetenként függőleges és vízszintes rovátkolással ellátott hatásnövelő burkot is kifejlesztettek az amúgy nem túl nagy repeszhatású gránáthoz. Egy, a nyél helyére becsavarható csavarmenetes adapter segítségével pedig az Eihandgranate 39 gyújtóival is fel lehet szerelni hasonló megoldást már az első világháborúban is alkalmaztak a Stielhandgranate 24 kézigránát elődeinél.

Jelzése Szerkesztés

A gránáttestbe, a nyélbe és a gyújtóba azok gyártójára és gyártási évére utaló betűkódot és számokat, valamint átvevőjegyet ütnek.

Festése Szerkesztés

A fejrész és a markolat zárókupakja német tábori szürkére van festve. A fejrészen fehér „VOR GEBRAUCH SPRENGKAPSEL EINSETZEN” (használat előtt a gyutacsot beszerelni) utasítás olvasható. A gyártó jelzését és az átvevőjegyet a fejrészen bélyegzéssel is feltüntetik.

Szállítása Szerkesztés

15 darab kézigránát, 15 darab gyújtó és 15 darab gyutacs egy tábori szürkére festett, oldalán fehér „15 Stielhgr. 24.” felirattal ellátott aktatáska formájú bádograkaszban. A rakaszban egy kivehető szállítókeret található, amelynek felső oldalára 7 darab, alsó oldalára 8 darab gránát van rugós kapcsokkal rögzítve. A keret felső, hordfogantyúval ellátott részén két tárolórekesz van kialakítva a gyújtókat és gyutacsokat tartalmazó dobozok számára. A szállítórakasz belsejébe a tartalomra, a gyártásra és a szerelésre utaló feliratot tartalmazó papírcédulát ragasztanak, vagy felfestik ezeket az információkat. A gránátokkal teli rakasz tömege 15 kilogramm, mérete 48×38×13 centiméter.

Létezik ugyancsak 15 darab kézigránátot tartalmazó fából készült rakasz is. A tábori szürkére festett, egyszerű fedéllel ellátott lapos faláda tetején az alapszíntől elütő fehér

„15 Stielhgr. 24
15 BZ. 24
15 Spr. Kaps. Nr. 8”,

valamint a láda súlyát jelző felirat áll. A ládában két, a gránátok fejrészének és nyelének megfelelően kivágott falap van, amelyben alul 8 darab, felül 7 darab gránátnak van hely. Ahhoz, hogy az alsó sorhoz hozzá lehessen férni, a ládát meg kell fordítani, majd a fenéklapot a fedélhez hasonló módon fel kell nyitni. A gyújtókat és gyutacsokat tartalmazó bádogdobozokat a láda fogantyúval ellátott oldala mentén kialakított két rekeszbe málházzák. Belülre és a láda oldalára a tartalomra, a gyártásra és a szerelésre utaló feliratot tartalmazó papírcédulát ragasztanak. A gránátokkal teli rakasz tömege 14 kilogramm, mérete 45×39×17 centiméter.

A fenti típus egyszerűsített változatának csak egy fedele van, és a két sor gránátot elválasztó falap kivehető. Szürkére festve és festetlenül is előfordul. A gránátokkal teli rakasz tömege 13,5 kilogramm, mérete 50×39×14 centiméter.

A szállító ládából kivett gránátokat használat előtt élesíteni kell, vagyis a külön csomagolt gyutacsot a nyél lecsavarása és a zárócsavar eltávolítása után be kell helyezni a nyélben lévő gyújtóba. Amennyiben a gyújtó még nincs a nyélben, beszerelésekor annak dróthurkára fel kell erősíteni a húzózsinórt is a zsinór felső végén lévő kisebbik gyöngy segítségével.

Dobás előtt le kell csavarni a markolat végén lévő kupakot, ki kell rántani a dörzsgyújtó húzózsinórját, majd a kézigránát eldobása következik. A dörzsgyújtóban keletkező szikra begyújtja a késleltető lőport, az pedig végigégése után a gyutacsot, ami felrobbantja a gránátot.

Támadásra számítva lehetőség volt arra is, hogy a nyél végét lezáró kupakot előre lecsavarják, amivel értékes időt lehetett megtakarítani. Ez azonban egyben veszélyforrás is, mivel a dörzsgyújtó szabaddá váló húzózsinórja könnyen beleakadhat valamibe, ami robbanáshoz vezethet. Ha már nincs rá szükség, a zárókupakot ezért ajánlott volt visszatenni.

Ha az élesített gránátot előreláthatóan hosszabb ideig nem használták, akkor kivették belőle a gyutacsokat, majd elcsomagolták.

Az Eihandgranate 39 gyújtóival felszerelt kézigránát élesítése és működése megegyezik az Eihandgranate-nál leírtakkal.

A Stielhandgranate 43-hoz is alkalmazható hatásnövelő burkolatok többféle kialakításban készültek legegyszerűbb típusuk egy hosszában felhasított hengerpalástot formáz, amit csak fel kell húzni a gránátfejre. Egy másik változatra három karmot erősítettek, amelyek a gránátfej alsó peremébe kapaszkodnak, és egy csúszógyűrűvel lehet rögzíteni őket.


I've had one half of this for a while. It was a purchase from abroad, and so I had to have it shipped in two parts. It is fully inert, with the explosive contents long gone.

This is a truly iconic piece of German kit from the Second World War period. Something that is instantly recognisable to those with even a minimal knowledge of the conflict. Known by us Brits as the 'Potato Masher' due to its shape, these stick grenades were a design that stuck out from the more common egg-shaped designs used by other countries at the time. In many period photos, you can see at least one German soldier with one or two of these thrust through his belt.

This example is a 1942-dated piece. Production switched over to the M43 stick grenade in 1944, and production of the M24 ceased entirely. It is maker marked 'brb', the factory code for Richard Rinker GmbH, Menden. The original (inert) fuse and detonator are present, but I have replaced them with a couple of paperclips in the interest of preserving these very fragile components of the grenade. It allows me to demonstrate the pull cord without having to worry about causing any additional damage.

One very important thing to note is that, believe it or not, this example was pulled out of the ground in Russia only a couple of years ago. Officially, it's a relic. It was recovered from the area around Saint Petersburg, known at the time as Leningrad. The remarkable condition of the piece is apparently owed to the clay it was found in. It came with its original Russian postal envelope, which I've tucked away somewhere and am currently unable to locate.

Some faint markings are visible on the side of the head, indicating that it was packed with a Donerit explosive charge in December 1942. As mentioned previously, the bottom of the head has been cut open and the contents flushed out.


Who uses this?

The Stielhandgranate, or Model 24 grenade, was invented in 1915 and has such names as the "potato masher" and "stick grenade". It used the common German friction igniter and was an offensively oriented grenade, relying on blast damage rather than fragmentation. However, in 1942, a serrated fragmentation mechanism was installed in the grenades. Instead for pulling a "pin", like traditional hand grenades, the operator twisted the metal mechanism at the bottom and pulled a cord that came out of the handle instead.


Watch the video: German stick grenade vs tracks (December 2021).