George Washington, a young Virginia planter, becomes a Master Mason, the highest basic rank in the secret fraternity of Freemasonry. The ceremony was held at the Masonic Lodge No. 4 in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Washington was 21 years old and would soon command his first military operation as a major in the Virginia colonial militia.
Freemasonry evolved from the practices and rituals of the stonemasons’ guilds in the Middle Ages. With the decline of European cathedral building, “lodges” decided to admit non-stonemasons to maintain membership, and the secret fraternal order grew in popularity in Europe. In 1717, the first Grand Lodge, an association of lodges, was founded in England, and Freemasonry was soon disseminated throughout the British Empire. The first American Mason lodge was established in Philadelphia in 1730, and future revolutionary leader Benjamin Franklin was a founding member.
There is no central Masonic authority, and Freemasons are governed locally by the order’s many customs and rites. Members trace the origins of Masonry back to the erecting of King Solomon’s Temple in biblical times and are expected to believe in the “Supreme Being,” follow specific religious rites, and maintain a vow of secrecy concerning the order’s ceremonies. The Masons of the 18th century adhered to liberal democratic principles that included religious toleration, loyalty to local government, and the importance of charity. From its inception, Freemasonry encountered considerable opposition from organized religion, especially from the Roman Catholic Church.
For George Washington, joining the Masons was a rite of passage and an expression of his civic responsibility. After becoming a Master Mason, Washington had the option of passing through a series of additional rites that would take him to higher “degrees.” In 1788, shortly before becoming the first president of the United States, Washington was elected the first Worshipful Master of Alexandria Lodge No. 22.
Many other leaders of the American Revolution, including Paul Revere, John Hancock, the Marquis de Lafayette, and the Boston Tea Party saboteurs, were also Freemasons, and Masonic rites were witnessed at such events as Washington’s presidential inauguration and the laying of the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, D.C.–a city supposedly designed with Masonic symbols in mind. Masonic symbols, approved by Washington in the design of the Great Seal of the United States, can be seen on the one-dollar bill. The All-Seeing Eye above an unfinished pyramid is unmistakably Masonic, and the scroll beneath, which proclaims the advent of a “New Secular Order” in Latin, is one of Freemasonry’s long-standing goals. The Great Seal appeared on the dollar bill during the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt, also a Mason.
Freemasonry has continued to be important in U.S. politics, and at least 15 presidents, five Supreme Court chief justices, and numerous members of Congress have been Masons. Presidents known to be Masons include Washington, James Monroe, Andrew Jackson, James Polk, James Buchanan, Andrew Johnson, James Garfield, William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Warren Harding, Franklin Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Lyndon Johnson, and Gerald Ford. Today there are an estimated two million Masons in the United States.
READ MORE: 5 of History's Most Mysterious Secret Societies
In 1795, John Jones of Dublin, Ireland, the proprietor of The Sentimental and Masonic Magazine, sent Washington a set of five volumes and a letter requesting permission to dedicate the sixth volume to Washington. The magazine is illustrated with engravings and covers a range of information, including political opinions, editorial cartoons, songs, fiction in serial form, and book reviews.
The origins of Freemasonry are obscure. The creation of the Craft (as it is also called) occurred over time between the first recorded gentleman joining an Edinburgh stonemasons&rsquo lodge in 1599 and the 1721 publication in London of The Constitutions of the Free-Masons by Scots Presbyterian minister James Anderson. 1
Freemasonry is fundamentally a self-improvement, volunteer association that teaches moral, intellectual, and spiritual lessons through three initiation ceremonies. Freemasonry&rsquos three degree are modeled after a craftsman&rsquos progress: Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and Master Mason. Freemasonry was, and remains, open to all men of good reputation who profess a belief in Deity (referred to in lodge as The Supreme Architect of the Universe). By the 1750s a variety of Christian and non-Christians, European, and non-European men, and a few women, were members. 2
Freemasonry grew popular within cities as political, commercial, and intellectual elites gathered within a lodge. With aristocratic, and later royal patronage, Freemasonry evolved into the preeminent fraternal organization of the eighteenth century. The earliest records of American Masonic lodges are in Philadelphia. In 1732, Boston&rsquos St. John&rsquos Lodge was duly constituted by the Grand Lodge of England and remains the oldest lodge in North America. Interwoven with the British Enlightenment, Masonic lodges formed throughout Europe and the Americas. The network of Scots, English, and Irish Lodge helped knit the British commercial empire together. 3
Although American elites initially joined the Freemasons to keep pace with genteel English behavior, the fraternity contributed to the spread of the ideas and ideals behind the American Revolution. During the revolutionary era, Masons of note included George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, James Otis, and Paul Revere. While individual Freemasons actively participated in the American Revolution, Freemasonry, as an institution as well as its local lodges, remained politically neutral. 4
Washington joined Freemasonry in the Lodge at Fredericksburg, Virginia. He was 20 years old when he received the first degree of Entered Apprentice on November 4, 1752. He paid the lodge two pounds and three shillings to join. Ten days after turning 21, on March 3, 1753, he was passed to the second degree of Fellowcraft. On August 4, 1753, he was raised to the third degree of Master Mason. The lodge&rsquos surviving minute book records Washington attending only two more meetings: September 1, 1753, and January 4, 1755. 5
Many of Washington&rsquos brothers in the Fredericksburg Lodge later served within in the Continental Army or Virginia Militia, including Hugh Mercer, George Weedon, and Thomas Posey. Washington&rsquos &ldquoMother Lodge&rdquo was renamed and numbered as Fredericksburg Lodge No. 4 after the creation of the Grand Lodge of Virginia in 1778. It continues to meet today. 6
Beginning in 1778 and through the remainder of his life, Washington was a frequent participant in Masonic ceremonies. On June 24, 1779, for example, Washington attended American Union Lodge&rsquos celebration of the Feast of St. John the Baptist. That lodge comprised officers and enlisted men within the Connecticut regiments. He also visited King Solomon&rsquos Lodge in Poughkeepsie, New York, on December 27, 1783. 7
After the war, in 1784, Washington accepted the invitation of his friends and neighbors to attend a June banquet at Alexandria Lodge No. 39, where he was elected an honorary member. Four years later he agreed to be charter master of the lodge when it transferred its allegiance from the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania to the Grand Lodge of Virginia. In 1794, the lodge commissioned William Williams to paint Washington dressed in Masonic regalia. After Washington&rsquos death the lodge changed its name to Alexandria-Washington Lodge No. 22. 8
As president, Washington exchanged letters with many Masonic local lodges and state grand lodges. He also met delegations of Freemasons during his visit to Rhode Island in 1790 and his 1791 tour of the southern states. His most significant Masonic activity, however, occurred on September 18, 1793. Acting as grand master pro tem, he presided at the Masonic ceremonial laying of the United States Capitol cornerstone. 9
At Washington&rsquos 1799 funeral, brothers of Alexandria Lodge performed Masonic rites. After Martha Washington&rsquos death the lodge acquired many valuable items from the estate, including a Masonic apron sent from France in 1793. With these items and many curiosities, the lodge opened a museum in 1812. 10
In 1910 the George Washington Masonic National Memorial Association was formed. Then in 1932 the Association dedicated its great Masonic Memorial to Washington in Alexandria, Virginia. Today Alexandria-Washington Lodge No. 22 displays many of its valuable Washington artifacts and continues to meet there. The George Washington Masonic National Memorial welcomes the public seven days a week to view its many exhibitions and enjoy the spectacular view for the top of its 333 foot tower. 11
Washington himself best articulated his membership in, and relationship to, Freemasonry when he replied to the brethren of King David&rsquos Lodge in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1790:
Being persuaded that a just application of the principles, on which the Masonic Fraternity is founded, must be promotive of private virtue and public prosperity, I shall always be happy to advance the interests of the Society, and to be considered by them as a deserving brother. 12
Mark A. Tabbert
Director of Collections
George Washington Masonic National Memorial Association
1 David Stevenson, The First Freemasons: Scotland's Early Lodges and their Members, 2nd edition (Edinburgh: Grand Lodge of Scotland, 2001) and John Hamill, The Craft: A History of English Freemasonry (UK: Aquarian Press, 1986).
2 Margaret C. Jacob, Living the Enlightenment: Freemasonry and Politics in Eighteenth-Century Europe (NY: Oxford University Press, 1991).
3 William R. Weisberger, Wallace McLeod, and S. Brent Morris, eds. Freemasonry on Both Sides of the Atlantic: Essays Concerning the Craft in the British Isles, Europe, the United States, and Mexico (Boulder, CO: East European Monographs, 2002).
4 Melvin M. Johnson, The Beginnings of Freemasonry in America (NY: George H. Doran Company, 1924). Steven C. Bullock, Revolutionary Brotherhood: Freemasonry and the Transformation of the American Social Order, 1730-1840 (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.) See also William R. Denslow, 10,000 Famous Freemasons. V. 1-4 (Fulton, MO: Missouri Lodge of Research, 1957) and Ronald E. Heaton, Masonic Membership of Our Founding Fathers (Bloomington, IL: Masonic Book Club,1965).
5 Ronald E. Heaton and James R. Case, Comp. The Lodge at Fredericksburgh: A Digest of the Early Records. Norristown, PA: Ronald E. Heaton (printed in USA) 1975, and J. Travis Walker, A History of Fredericksburg Lodge No. 4, A.F. & A.M., (1752-2002) (Fredericksburg VA: Sheridan Books Inc., 2002).
7 J. Hugo Tatch, The Facts about George Washington as a Freemason. (NY: Macoy&rsquos 1931).
8 Charles H. Callahan, Washington the Man and the Mason (Washington: National Publishing Co., 1913).
9 J. Hugo Tatch. The Facts about George Washington as a Freemason. (NY: Macoy&rsquos 1931).
10 Charles H. Callahan, Washington the Man and the Mason (Washington: National Publishing Co., 1913).
11 The George Washington Masonic National Memorial www.gwmemorial.org
12 Washington's Masonic Correspondence as Found Among the Washington Papers in the Library of Congress, ed. Julius Friedrich Sachse (Philadelphia: Press of the New Era Printing Company, 1915).
George Washington becomes a Master Mason - HISTORY
You see them everywhere you look. Cleverly disguised on TV, embedded in magazines, and lurking in powerful advertising. Sometimes they`re subtle or subliminal, other times provocative, direct and mind-bending in effect. They use strange symbols, signs, talismans and handshakes that program and control our minds.
They own all the big media companies and education, so they control all of the news and information you get. All the banks and judges are in their pockets. They`re enemy – population of critical thinkers. You can`t escape them, but once you understand it for what it is, you`re not afraid of them anymore.
Don`t Believe Your Lying Eyes‘The Structure of Freemasonry’, Masonic ‘edition’ of the Bible, presented to newly raised members. Perhaps the best known, and most widely reprinted photo, which depicts masonic degrees as a staircase.
Henry Makow, astute inventor and essayist, says that they are key components of the satanic conspiracy that now confronts us with maximum force of evil. ‘This satanic conspiracy,’ Makow warns, ‘succeeds only because people cannot believe something so colossal and monstrous actually exists.’
Declaration of human rights, 1789. The All-Seeing Eye with a pyramid right in the middle, underneath the text Ouroboros (serpent eating it`s own tail or ‘ the infinity loop’), surrounded by two masonic pillars.
“The world is a contest for our souls. The people who are pushing products, violence, and sex are not operating on a random, ‘whatever sells’ basis. They have Masonic symbols in their logos. The top players are following an occult script designed to enslave us body and soul. They are building a gigantic prison based on their own mental hell. This is the New World Order, we are the inmates.”
Most people, of course, are so far gone, their minds so awash with occultism acquired from decades of propaganda encountered in everyday life, they cannot any longer decipher reality. The majority is caught up in some sort of psychological ‘Matrix’.
Naturally, the elite do not relish being exposed in their dirty works and evil doing. They and their dumbed – down minions, referring to the overwhelming ‘see no evil, hear no evil’ masses of people in society can be expected to quickly jump to the attack and attempt to deny it all.
Freemasonry In AmericaRepresentation of George Washington in worldwide museums, him wearing a masonic square compass with the sun in between, referring to the ‘illumination’, ‘Lucifer`s knowledge’.
How and when did Freemasonry start? Before Freemasonry emerged into public view in 1717, it practiced such a high level of secrecy that very little was known about how it began.
In America, Freemasonry established by the mid – 1700s, when George Washington became a Master Mason. The first American Mason lodge was established in Philadelphia in 1730, and future revolutionary leader Benjamin Franklin was a founding member.When this statue was unveiled of George Washington, the first president of the United States, the people could not understand why their esteemed president was depicted in such a strange, half – naked, pose. Look at the classic image of the satanic symbol of ‘Baphomet’ pointing his fingers ‘as above so below’, and all becomes clear.
George Washington, a young Virginia planter, becomes a Master Mason, the highest basic rank in the secret fraternity of Freemasonry. The ceremony was held at the masonic lodge in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Washington was 21 years old and would soon command his first military operation as a major in the Virginia colonial militia. After becoming a Master Mason, Washington had the option of passing through a series of additional rites that would take him to higher ‘degrees’. In 1788, shortly before becoming the first president of the United States, Washington was elected the first ‘Worshipful Master’ of Alexandria Lodge.George Washington as a freemason in a masonic lodge. You can notice the checkerboard floors used in mainstream media, depicting balance between good and evil. Distributed by the George Washington Masonic National Memorial Association. It was printed in the Scottish Rite Journal (August 1992). George Washington in a Masonic pose. Around his neck is the emblem of the moon goddess, feminine complement to the sun god, Osiris, secretly worshipped in occult Freemasonry. This emblem, combined with the diamond-shaped device just above it, indicates that Washington had taken the vow of vengence to all enemies of the Order of the Illuminati. Again George Washington displaying the masonic sign called ‘The Hidden Hand Of The Men Of Jahbuhlun’ or ‘The Brotherhood of ‘Jahbuhlun’. President George Washington takes the oath of office as the first President of the United States following the adoption of the U.S. Constitution by the states. The gentleman on the left is giving a decidedly diabolical version of a secret society hand sign, and the gentleman on the right directly behind Washington is doing the masonic ‘M’ gesture. Many paintings and drawings depicting delegates who drafted and approved the Declaration of Independence show one or more of the delegates secretly identifying his secret society membership through a hand signal. We can see another example of the same ‘M’ gesture doing the gentleman on the left holding his hip. The name of Jesus is never mentioned in either the Declaration of Independence or the subsequent United States Constitution. Instead, our nation’s founders used vague, Illuminist coded terms like “Nature’s God” or “Providence.” Benjamin Franklin, a key leader of the delegates, was both a Grand Master Mason (Lodge of Nine Sisters, Paris, France) and a Rosicrucian. Thomas Jefferson, who helped draft the Declaration of Independence, wrote favorably of the Order of the Illuminati and it`s founder, European Jesuit Professor Adam Weishaupt.
While George Washington (1732-1799) is arguably the best known American Freemason, Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) may be a close second.
Benjamin Franklin became a Freemason when he was initiated in St. John’s Lodge in Philadelphia in 1731. His involvement with the fraternity extended over the next fifty years, during which time he held several leadership roles. He served as Grand Master of Pennsylvania in 1734 and Provincial Grand Master of Pennsylvania in 1749. While in Paris during the American Revolution, Franklin became a member of the Lodge of Nine Sisters (La Loge des Neuf Soeurs), serving as its Venerable Master from 1779 to 1781.
The Man Who Started IlluminatiJohann Adam Weishaupt was a german philosopher, professor and founder of ‘The Order of The Illuminati’ in 1776.
Before we understand the origins of this society, let me quote the founder of Illuminati, Adam Weishaupt, he says:
One dollar bill is full of symbolism to decipher. ‘In God We Trust’ – this is not the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. When they say God, they mean God of this world.
Universal happiness, complete and rapid could be achieved by disposing of hierarchy, rank and riches. Princes and nations will disappear without violence from the earth, the human race will become one family, the world will be the abode of reasonable men.
These thoughts by Adam Weishaupt clearly indicate his desire for a New World Order. A brief background about him would help us understand this desire in a better way.
Adam Weishaupt was born in Ingolstadt, Bavaria, on February 6, 1748. His early education was under the most powerful institute of that time – the Jesuits. The Jesuits had influence over the religious and political scenario of that time, and Adam grew weary of it. When elected as the canon law, Adam wished to change the heavy influence of the Jesuits with his radical and free thinking ‘Age of Enlightenment’ philosophies. With time he also became aware of occultism and Hermetism.The head of Catholic church, Vatican Jesuit Pope Francis till this day has a major role and influence in grand deception.
Weishaupt thought of becoming a Freemason but quit the idea as it did not fully satisfy his quests. He soon realized that in order to overthrow the religious and political fundamentals of the Jesuits, he had to form his own secret society with an elite team who believed in his propaganda, and so, on May 1, 1776, The Order of The Illuminati was founded. The system he employed was based on the Freemasonry, but with his own agenda, personal twists and touches. Over time, the secret sect grew with members spanning from different sections of the elite, one of the major influences being the famous and mysterious occultist of that time Cagliostro and the german diplomat Baron Adolf Franz Friederich Knigge. His masonic connections and organizational skills were promptly put to use by the Order.A leading member, influential north german diplomat and occultist, Friederich Knigge, displaying the ‘Hidden hand’ sign. Knigge joined the Order of the Illuminati in 1780s and was the most effective recruiter.
Allegedly the group was disbanded in the year 1788 by the government for legislative and criminal charges, but as we know the secret society never disbanded completely, in fact, it spread it`s tentacles into Freemasonry and Rosicrucians and infiltrated America through it`s founding fathers who were part of these secret societies.Albert Pike – historian, author, poet, orator, jurist and a 33rd degree Grand Master occultist Freemason and Scottish Rite Masonic figure.
He wrote the famous Masonic law book called ‘Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry‘, where Lucifer is called the light bearer:
The Apocalypse is, to those who receive the nineteenth Degree, the Apotheosis of that Sublime Faith which aspires to God alone, and despises all the pomps and works of Lucifer. Lucifer, the Light-Bearer! Strange and mysterious name to give to the Spirit of Darkness! Lucifer, the Son of the Morning! Is it he who bears the Light, and with it`s splendors intolerable blinds feeble, sensual, or selfish Souls? Doubt it not! for traditions are full of Divine Revelations and Inspirations: and inspiration is not of one Age nor of one Creed.
As do most occultists, Albert Pike had a ‘spirit guide,’ who dispensed ‘Divine Wisdom’ and enlightened him regarding how to achieve the New World Order. A ‘spirit guide’ is a ‘being’ who meets someone who has given themselves over to the practice of the occult, however, people who are practitioners of the New Age Religion do not view this as a bad thing. In fact, they would strongly argue that they are filled with happiness and joy by interacting with their “spirit guides,” not realizing that they have been temporarily deceived by Satan who, along with his demons, can appear as an Angel of Light in order to deceive:
You can see them with occultic Baphomet figure. Such satanic symbols are used in sorcery and black magic. That same Baphomet symbol later was adopted by ‘The Wickedest Man In The World’, British occultist and Satanist Aleister Crowley. He inspired the founder of the Church of Satan Anton LaVey and the religion of LaVeyan Satanism.
“And no marvel for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness …” (2 Corinthians 11:14-15).
One message that Albert Pike received from his ‘spirit guide,’ and which in reality we know to be a demonic vision, he described in a letter that he wrote to Mazzini (An Italian revolutionary leader of the mid 1800s as well as the Director of the Illuminati) in 1871 regarding a conspiracy involving three world wars that were planned in an attempt to take over the world. The Pike letter to Giuseppe Mazzini was on display in the British Museum Library in London until 1977. This letter has been claimed by many internet sites to reside in the British library in London, which denies that letter exists.
Albert Pike`s letter to Mazzini, dated August 15th, 1871. – ‘The Illuminati plan for World War 3 to bring New World Order in place’, showing how Three World Wars have been planned for many generations. It was copied by William Guy Carr, former Intelligence Officer in the Royal Canadian Navy.
“The First World War must be brought about in order to permit the Illuminati to overthrow the power of the Czars in Russia and of making that country a fortress of atheistic Communism. The divergences caused by the “agentur” (agents) of the Illuminati between the British and Germanic Empires will be used to foment this war. At the end of the war, Communism will be built and used in order to destroy the other governments and in order to weaken the religions.”
Students of history will recognize that the political alliances of England on one side and Germany on the other, forged between 1871 and 1898 by Otto von Bismarck, co-conspirator of Albert Pike, were instrumental in bringing about the First World War. In 1917, at Fatima, before the end of this First World War and before the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.
“The Second World War must be fomented by taking advantage of the differences between the Fascists and the political Zionists. This war must be brought about so that Nazism is destroyed and that the political Zionism be strong enough to institute a sovereign state of Israel in Palestine. During the Second World War, International Communism must become strong enough in order to balance Christendom, which would be then restrained and held in check until the time when we would need it for the final social cataclysm.”
After this Second World War, Communism was made strong enough to begin taking over weaker governments. In 1945, at the Potsdam Conference between Truman, Churchill, and Stalin, a large portion of Europe was simply handed over to Russia, and on the other side of the world, the aftermath of the war with Japan helped to sweep the tide of Communism into China.
“The Third World War must be fomented by taking advantage of the differences caused by the “agentur” of the “Illuminati” between the political Zionists and the leaders of Islamic World. The war must be conducted in such a way that Islam (the Moslem Arabic World) and political Zionism (the State of Israel) mutually destroy each other. Meanwhile the other nations, once more divided on this issue will be constrained to fight to the point of complete physical, moral, spiritual and economical exhaustion…We shall unleash the Nihilists and the atheists, and we shall provoke a formidable social cataclysm which in all its horror will show clearly to the nations the effect of absolute atheism, origin of savagery and of the most bloody turmoil. Then everywhere, the citizens, obliged to defend themselves against the world minority of revolutionaries, will exterminate those destroyers of civilization, and the multitude, disillusioned with Christianity, whose deistic spirits will from that moment be without compass or direction, anxious for an ideal, but without knowing where to render its adoration, will receive the true light through the universal manifestation of the pure doctrine of Lucifer, brought finally out in the public view. This manifestation will result from the general reactionary movement which will follow the destruction of Christianity and atheism, both conquered and exterminated at the same time.”
Since the terrorist attacks of Sept 11, 2001, world events in the Middle East show a growing unrest and instability between Jews and Arabs. This is completely in line with the call for a Third World War to be fought between the two, and their allies on both sides. This Third World War is still to come, and recent events show us that it is not far off.
Signs and symbolism in the secret occult world play one of the biggest roles – after all, they are the way of communication and representation. Freemasonry hides it`s greatest secret even from it`s membership at large, only an invisible ‘inner brotherhood’ is entrusted with it. Only 33rd degree cult members and highest rank Master Masons know the true agenda and goal of their society.
Just like anything that has to do with the occult, and particularly Lucifer, these are ideas that taken and spun from the Bible. Most of these occult views can be tracked down and represented at one point or another in the Bible.This painting is called ‘Jacob`s Ladder’ , ‘Stairway to Heaven’ or ‘ The 13th Pillar’. Black and white checkerboard floor foundation built on ‘Good and Evil’ or ‘Darkness and Light’. Two masonic pillars representing duality. Those same pillars represent red and blue color symbolism in Solomon`s Temple, ‘Esther 1:6 – KJV’. The reason that a lot of this color symbolism derives from the Bible is because a lot of this occult teaching, if not all of comes from the knowledge of fallen angels and/or from summoning demons.
Red and blue is almost more representative of the hegelian dialect, where you have one force combating the other when in reality – the end result is the ultimate outcome. These colors are implemented in political parties for a specific reason, democrats and republicans always fight each, it is called – dividing and conquering or in other words ‘order out of chaos’.From Darkness to Light, 1908. Again full of occult symbolism. Masonic handshake/grip between two ‘angel’ figures. This same ideology by absorbing the ‘light and knowledge of Lucifer’ is implied in famous occultist Manly P. Hall book ‘Secret Teachings of All Ages‘. Manly P. Hall`s art from ‘The Secret Teaching of All Ages‘ looks similar to the Freemasonry ‘Luciferian enlightenment’. Same Beast masquerading in a different form. The pyramid Illuminates the ‘elected’.
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Our Motto, 1883, by J. W. Dorrington. It is written: ‘Visit the sick – believe the distress, bury the dead and educate the orphan’. ‘As Above, So Below’: Art of the American Fraternal Society, 1850-1930. ‘The first comprehensive survey of the rich vein of art created during the “Golden Age” of the American fraternal society’.
“When the Mason learns that the key…is the proper application of the dynamo of living power, he has learned the Mystery of his Craft. The seething energies of Lucifer are in his hands” – Manly P. Hall, 33rd degree Mason, from the book ‘The Lost Keys of Freemasonry‘.
The Initiation RitualsFrench movie ‘Occult Forces‘ 1943, exposing the Freemasonic rituals. Following World War 2, the film’s writer, Jean-Marie Rivière, was imprisoned. It`s producer, Robert Muzard, and director, Paul Riche were Executed in 1949, for their part in the production of this film.
Masonic expert Lynn F. Perkins alludes to the gigantic amount of extracurricular research and work needed to uncover the greatest secrets of the Masonic Fraternity. He writes:
Hoodwinked! Pity the poor, foolish man who becomes a Freemason! In the very first degree ritual, that of Entered Apprentice, a blindfold is put over his eyes, and a cable-tow is hung around his neck. Symbolically, the dumb candidate is “Hoodwinked.” Little does he know that his superiors intentionally set out to deceive the candidate and they contrive their deceit through all the ritual degrees up to and including the 33rd.
“The true wisdom is concealed and hidden, not only from those who do not join the Masonic Order but also from those who ‘take’ the degrees, and it will remain hidden until each Mason seeks revelation and finds the Truth for himself. There are no interpretations in the Ritual, they have to be sought elsewhere.”
Albert Pike, Echoing Steinmetz, Manly P. Hall, Perkins and all the other high level Masonic authorities, goes so far as to mock and disparage lower level Masons, especially those who have earned only the first three degrees (‘the Blue degrees’). After acknowledging that the lower level brethren are ‘intentionally misled,’ he goes on to say that it is not intended that the initiate understand the symbols and deepest secrets of the Order, but worse, the Masonic Lodge’s rituals and lectures are designed so that the lower level Masons shall imagine he does understand them. It is only at a later time, as he has moved up the ladder of degrees, that the purposely dumbed down Mason discovers he’s been had, that he’s been played for a fool. In other words, he’s been ‘hoodwinked’. So, in effect, Masons are lied to, tricked, made fun of, and intentionally led astray, with only a little knowledge added to their brain reservoirs as they advance up the chain. Meanwhile, the poor, pitiful souls imagine they are really in on all the secrets of the Craft. Their Masonic superiors play them all for suckers.
They follow and believe in ‘The Great Architect’ of the Universe, which is Lucifer. Their true ‘light’. They Believe Lucifer is in control of time and space, that he freed mankind from darkness in the Garden of Eden by sharing knowledge that would one day lead them to become their own ‘Gods’. They are the ‘builders’ who rejected the true cornerstone – Lord Christ. Most people still deny everything they hear or see, no matter how truthful the information and evidence is. I guess some things can never change.
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Was George Washington a Christian or a Freemason?
Many skeptics of Christianity claim George Washington was a freemason and not at all a Christian. Many Christians claim the opposite. So which is it? Our first President is, obviously, not alive today to really set the record straight. It would be very helpful if he were. Since he is not, to form a conclusion on what George Washington believed we have to dive into his writings and documentation from contemporaries, and build a case from there.
First, it should be noted the practices of freemasonry in the 18 th century were not necessarily incompatible with Christianity. It is completely plausible for George Washington to be both a born-again Christian and a freemason. In fact, records show George Washington was associated with both.
But can we draw a conclusion he was more of one than the other?
As a freemason, George Washing was a “member” for over 30 years. In that time, he attended only 4 meetings total. Many freemasons want to paint him as their most famous member, which, they literally did paint portraits of him in freemason garb. But he never once sat for one of those, and most were done after his time. In fact, George Washington claimed the one painting done during his time to be “mason propaganda” to paint him as such. Not that you could blame the freemasons, would there be a better face for any organization to associate with than the most famous person in the entire United States of America?
So he didn’t go to many meetings and he wasn’t that closely associated with the freemasons, but that doesn’t necessarily make George Washington a Christian.
Records show, George Washington had a very close association with his home church, Christ Church, in Alexandria, VA. You can go to this church today and sit in the very church “box” which belonged to the Washington family. His adopted daughter, Nelly, (who was, in fact, his step-granddaughter) noted he rarely missed a Sunday, even if roads were bad and it took them over 2-3 hours to get there.
While he was traveling with his military and political career, which was indeed much of his career, record after record shows he attended church. Whether he was wintering at Valley Forge, or while he was in the First Continental and Constitutional Congresses in Philadelphia, he would attend services and fervently prayed. Right after he was inaugurated as President of the United States at Federal Hall in New York City, he immediately went to church to commit his presidency in prayer.
But as everyone knows, just going to church does not make you a Christian. The character of Christianity must be found in the person as well. Rev Henry Muhlenberg, an active Revolutionary who served with Gen Washington at Valley Forge, recorded that the General “rode around among his army…and admonished each and every one to fear God…and to practice Christian values.”
George Washington’s family did not doubt his convictions as a Christian. Nelly wrote much later of George Washington’s beliefs. Claiming him to be a private and quiet man, but undoubtedly a Christian. She said, “It the greatest heresy to doubt his firm belief in Christianity. His life, his writings, prove that he was a Christian. He was not one of those who act or pray, “that they may be seen of men” [Matthew 6:5]. He communed with his God in secret [Matthew 6:6].”
In his writings, George Washington very often attributed successes and happenstances to “ Divine Providence.” Many people have taken it to mean he did not believe in the power of Jesus Christ. However, “George Washington’s writings reveal 54 different titles [of the names for God].”
And if he did not believe in Jesus Christ, how then would skeptics be able to define the following statement from George Washington’s prayer journal, “O eternal and everlasting God…Increase my faith in the gospels…daily frame me more and more into the likeness of thy son Jesus Christ, that living in thy fear, and dying in thy favor, I may in thy appointed time attain the resurrection of the just unto eternal life.”
The lack of evidence for George Washington being an ardent freemason and the overwhelming verification (literal volumes of accounts) of his Christian character, one can make a good case George Washington was indeed a Christian, but also a believer of Jesus Christ. He drew his values from Christian sources and his hope from Christianity.
George Washington established his life and faith upon Christianity. Truly, a reflection of the nation he was so instrumental in founding. This is just one example of how America’s footing was founded on the root of Christianity.
 Findings concerning George Washington’s association with Freemasonry:
Barton, David (2005). The Question of Freemasonry and the Founding Father. Wallbuilders Press Texas.
 Beliles, Mark A. & Stephen k. McDowell (1989). America’s Providential History. The Providence Foundation Charlottesville, VA.
Free CrossExamined.org Resource
Get the first chapter of "Stealing From God: Why Atheists Need God to Make Their Case" in PDF.
Taft, the 27th president, was made a Mason in 1909, just before becoming president. He was made a Mason "at sight" by the grand master of Ohio, meaning he did not have to earn his acceptance into the lodge like most others do.
Harding, the 29th president, first sought acceptance into the Masonic brotherhood in 1901 but was initially "blackballed." He was eventually accepted and held no grudges, wrote John R. Tester of Vermont. "While president, Harding took every opportunity to speak for Masonry and attend Lodge meetings when he could," he wrote.
Brother George Washington's Masonic Apron
When the young Marquis de Lafayette came to America at the age of 20 and joined George Washington's army for the Battle of Brandywine in 1777, the American cause had become his cause.
The affection each man held for the other is legendary. So too is the legacy of Masonic history developed through that affection, The Lafayette Apron, of white satin and embroidered by Madame Lafayette, was presented to Bro. Washington by Bro. Lafayette in August of 1784. The apron was presented to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania by the Washington Benevolent Society on July 3, 1829 and is now on display in the Grand Lodge Museum at the Masonic Temple in Philadelphia. It is a study in symbolism. For example, the apron border colors of red, white and blue are the national colors of both the United States and France. Symbols are silent emblems having meaning only when interpreted. Given the unique character of the interpretation process, it can be understood that no symbol has absolute meaning.
In preparing the following, the late Bro. Frank W. Bobb, Grand Lodge librarian and curator Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, has used those meanings most widely accepted by Masonic scholars in interpreting the symbolism of the Washington Apron.
Washington realized that many citizens suspected the Convention would be merely a seizure of power from the states by an all-powerful, quasi-royal central government. He had to be persuaded even to attend.
Thomas Jefferson and George Mason on Washington's Second Term
In this video designed for classrooms, Thomas Jefferson and George Mason discuss the legacy of the US Constitution and the future of the union.
George Mason's plantation home in Fairfax, Gunston Hall, is operated as a house museum.
Renowned for his authorship of the Virginia Declaration of Rights,and the Virginia Bill of Rights and Constitution, George Mason became an advocate for the rights of colonists by the 1760s and flourished through the 1770s. Later in life, Mason remained politically independent, refusing to sign the 1787 Constitution because he disagreed with several of the document provisions including a lack of a bill of rights.
George Mason teamed with George Washington first in 1769 when both were members of the Virginia House of Burgesses. Looking for a way to protest British tax policies, the two drafted a document which came to be known as the Virginia Resolves. The measures called for a boycott of British luxury goods imported into the colony. To ensure enforcement the Resolves organized local committees to police for strict compliance. Mason and Washington wanted the associations to ensure the boycott would aid in placing economic pressure on Great Britain. In that same year, Washington acquired 100 acres of land from Mason, adding to the growth of Mount Vernon lands.
Several years later, Mason and Washington corroborated again in response to the 1774 Coercive Acts passed by Parliament. A meeting chaired by Washington in Alexandria, Virginia during the summer adopted what became known as the Fairfax Resolves. Authored by Mason, the resolutions warned that a conspiracy existed in British halls of power bent on making the colonists second class citizens. The Resolves also suggested a meeting of a continent-wide congress to once again organize a boycott of British imports. Mason showed off his skills as an adroit political thinker in his authorship of the Resolves, repeating the notion that only the elected representatives of a province could pass binding laws on its people.
Mason attended the 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia participating in several debates concerning the various powers entrusted to the new government. However, he ultimately refused to sign the finished document, protesting&mdashamongst other shortcomings&mdashthat the new blueprint lacked a bill of rights.
In the months that followed, Mason continued to voice his concerns at the Virginia Ratification convention. Joined by Patrick Henry and Edmund Randolph, Mason and the anti-federalists nearly derailed ratification of the Constitution in Virginia. Though the anti-federalists lost the battle, they won a greater victory. A deal was struck by both sides to adopt suggestions for writing protections of individual rights when the first Congress convened. James Madison would later lean heavily on Mason's earlier work when he drafted the Bill of Rights.
Mason was constantly plagued with health issues during his life, and remained out of the spotlight after the inauguration of his old friend George Washington. Mason retreated to his home at Gunston Hall, remaining a vocal critic of the new government and many of the policies initiated by the Federalist Party, including Alexander Hamilton's financial plan. Weakened by recurring gout, Mason passed away on October 7, and is buried on the grounds of his beloved Gunston Hall.
James MacDonald, Ph.D.
Northwestern State University
Chernow, Ron. Washington: A Life. New York: Penguin.
Ellis, Joseph J. His Excellency George Washington. New York: Knopf, 2004.
Ferling, John. The Ascent of George Washington: The Hidden Political Genius of An American Icon. New York: Bloomsbury, 2009.
Longmore, Paul K. The Invention of George Washington. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.
Rutland, Robert Allen. George Mason: Reluctant Statesman. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1961.
Freemason Presidents of the United States of America
President 1789-1797 / Master Mason 1753
George Washington became a Mason at age 20 in 1753. it is suggested that he may have attended approximately nine Masonic lodge meetings during the remaining 46 years of his life, and probably never presided over any lodge.
However, George Washington wrote letters in which he said he was happy to be a Mason, and, in 1791, described Masonry as being “founded in justice and benevolence…the grand object of Masonry is to promote the happiness of the human race.”
Asked more specifically about Freemasonry in 1798, Washington wrote, “…So far as I am acquainted with the principles and Doctrines of Free Masonry, I conceive them to be founded on benevolence and to be exercised for the good of mankind. If it has been a Cloak to promote improper or nefarious objects, it is a melancholly [sic] proof that in unworthy hands, the best institutions may be made use of to promote the worst designs.”
Interestingly, brother George Washington took his oath of office as the first President of the United States with his hand upon a Bible from St. John’s Lodge No. 1,of the Ancient York Masons. Since then, George Washington’s Inaugural Bible has been used used for the inaugurations of Warren G. Harding, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Jimmy Carter, and George H. W. Bush.
Additional use has been made in the funeral processions of Presidents Washington and Abraham Lincoln and in the center-stone laying of the U.S. Capitol, the addition of the Washington Monument, the centennials of the cornerstone laying of the White House, U.S. Capitol, and the Statue of Liberty, the 1964 World’s Fair as well as the launching of the aircraft carrier George Washington. As physicians and health professionals note, George Washington had good health, this amazing fact is discussed in several useful articles on men’s health.
The Washington bible is, interestingly, still in active use by St. Johns Lodge when not in civic display.
President 1817-1825 / Master Mason 1776
Entered Apprentice in Williamsburg Lodge No. 6 at Williamsburg, VA., on November 9, 1775. Sadly there is no record of his taking any further degrees beyond the first.
The records of Cumberland Lodge no. 8 in Tennessee, June 8, 1819, show a reception for Monroe as “a Brother of the Craft.” possibly a Master Mason in 1776.
Said of the Masonic president James Monroe, he was an “Episcopalian of deistic tendencies who valued civic virtues above religious doctrine.” Stating in his first inaugural address the concept of religious freedom, “boasting that Americans may worship ‘the Divine Author’ in any manner they choose.” From The Religion of James Monroe, in the Virginia Quarterly Review, Autumn, 2003.
President 1829-1837 / Master Mason 1800
It is suggested that President Jackson become a Mason in Harmony lodge No. 1 in Tennessee. Harmony Lodge began as No. 29 under the charter of North Carolina, later to be named No. 1 under the Tennessee grand Lodge in 1913.
It has been said that Br. Jackson attended lodge at Clover Bottom Lodge under the Grand Lodge of Kentucky. He was present in lodge at Greeneville in 1801 and acted as Senior Warden pro-tem. The records of St. Tammany Lodge No. 29 at Nashville, which became Harmony Lodge no. 1 under the Grand Lodge of Tennessee, show that Jackson was a member.
A very active Freemason, President Jackson served as the Grand Master of Tennessee Masons from 1822 to 1823.
James K. Polk
President 1845-1849 / Master Mason 1820
Master Mason 1820. EA, FC, MM, in Columbia Lodge No. 31, Columbia, Tenn., 1820, exalted a Royal Arch Mason in La Fayette Chapter No. 4 at Columbia in 1825.
President Polk, as a Freemason and elected Commander in Chief, assisted in the cornerstone laying of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. on May 1, 1847.
In Polk’s career as president he oversaw the opening of the U.S. Naval Academy and the Smithsonian Institution, the groundbreaking for the Washington Monument, and the issuance of the first postage stamps in the United States.
Polk was an early supporter of westward expansion expressed in a term that Democrats would later call “Manifest Destiny.”
President 1857-1861 / Master Mason 1817
Master Mason 1817, Entered Apprentice Dec. 11, 1816, Lancaster Lodge No. 43, Lancaster, PA, Fellowcraft & Master Mason degrees in 1817.
President Buchanan was the Junior Warden of his lodge from 1821 to 1822, and the Worshipful Master of the lodge in 1825. He was later exalted in Royal Arch Chapter No. 43, in 1826 going on to become Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.
Said of Buchanan in his work President James Buchanan: A Biography, by Philip S Klein, “His many talents, which in a quieter era might have gained for him a place among the great presidents, were quickly overshadowed by the cataclysmic events of civil war and by the towering Abraham Lincoln.”
President 1865-1869 / Master Mason 1851
Master Mason 1851, Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, in Greeneville Lodge No. 119 now No. 3 at Greeneville, Tenn.
In 1851, johnson was probably a member of Greeneville Chapter No. 82, Royal Arch Masons, as he joined the Nashville York Rite Commandery of Knights Templar No. 1 in 1859. President Johnson received the Scottish Rite degrees in the White House in 1867.
Johnson joined the fraternity at the conclusion of his Senatorial term in the House of Representatives in 1843.
James A. Garfield
President 1881 / Master Mason 1864
Master Mason 1864, EA & FC Magnolia Lodge No. 20, Columbus, Ohio, MM Columbus Lodge No. 30, 1864, Affiliated with Garrettsville Lodge No. 246 in 1866, Affiliated with Pentalpha Lodge No. 23 Washington, D. C. as charter member in 1869. Exalted in Columbus Royal Arch Chapter 1866, and Knight Templar 1866, 14th Degree Scottish Rite 1872.
In his time, Garfield is credited as being a Chaplin of a lodge that he held membership in.
Politically interesting, Garfield supported articles of impeachment against President (and Masonic Brother) Andrew Johnson over charges that he violated the Tenure of Office Act by removing Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.
President 1897-1901 / Master Mason 1865
Master Mason 1865, He is sometimes said to have received EA, FC, MM, in Hiram Lodge No. 10 in Winchester, West Virginia, in 1865, but William Moseley Brown is authority for the statement that this event took place in Hiram Lodge No. 21 at Winchester, Virginia in that year. McKinley affiliated with Canton Lodge No. 60 at Canton, Ohio in 1867 and later became a charter member of Eagle Lodge No. 43. He received the Capitular degrees in Canton in 1883 and was made a Knight Templar in 1884.
President William McKinley said in 1901 that the brotherhood of fraternal societies was similar to the brotherhood of “equal citizenship” in the U.S.
It is suggested that McKinley became a Mason upon observing fraternal kindnesses exchanged between Masons in the Union and Confederate Armies during the Civil War.
President 1901-1909 / Master Mason 1901
Master Mason 1901, EA, FC, MM, in Matinecock Lodge No. 806, Oyster Bay, NY in 1901. Somewhat active, and very supportive of Freemasonry.
Theodore Roosevelt, said in 1902, “One of the things that attracted me so greatly to Masonry . . . was that it really did live up to what we, as a government, are pledged to — of treating each man on his merits as a Man”.
From Roosevelt’s obituary in the New York Times, January 1919: Colonel Roosevelt was a member of the local lodge of Masons, and never failed to keep up his interest in it. He had made a habit for many years of visiting Masonic lodges wherever he went, as a member of the Oyster Bay lodge, and, returning, to tell his brother Masons here of his visits.
William H. Taft
President 1909-1913 / Master Mason 1901
President Taft was made a Master Mason at Sight in Kilwinning Lodge No. 356, in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1901.
That made him a member at large, until the Grand Lodge issued a demit to Taft when he became a regular member of that lodge. Somewhat active, Taft was very supportive of Freemasonry.
More on on Taft an Freemasonry from the National Heritage Museum: Making a Mason at Sight: The Case of President-Elect Taft.
To the diversity of faith that Freemasonry supports, Tast was a member of the First Congregational-Unitarian Church which he joined at an early age through his parents.
It is suggested that as he rose in government, he spent little time in Cincinnati. and attended the church infrequently worshiping when he could.
Warren G. Harding
President 1921-1923 / Master Mason 1920
President Harding received his Entered Apprentice Degree at Lodge No. 7O, in Marion, Ohio on June 28, 1901. He received no other degree until after becoming U.S. President, FC & MM in Marion Lodge No. 70 in 1920 (MM Aug. 27, 1920), Royal Arch Chapter degrees in Marion Chapter No. 62 in 1921 Knight Templar in Marion Commandery No. 36, in 1921, Scottish Rite and Shrine in 1921.
Interestingly, Harding was blackballed on the first petition for membership in 1901 on objection and rumor over his heritage. That impediment was over come and he was made an Entered apprentice on June of that year, but delaying his further progress for nearly 20 years.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President 1933-1945 / Master Mason 1911
Master Mason 1911, EA Oct 11, 1911, FC, MM, in Holland Lodge No. 8, New York City, in 1911, Scottish Rite in Albany Consistory 1929, Shrine in 1930. Somewhat active, and very supportive of Freemasonry
Theodore Roosevelt, said in 1902, “One of the things that attracted me so greatly to Masonry . . . was that it really did live up to what we, as a government, are pledged to — of treating each man on his merits as a Man”.
Harry S. Truman
President 1945-1953 / Master Mason 1909
Master Mason 1909, EA Feb. 9, 1909, Belton Lodge No. 450, Grandview, Missouri, MM 1909. In 1911, Truman was the 1st WM of the new Grandview Lodge No. 618. Grand Master of Missouri 1940-1941. Very active and supportive of Freemasonry, Master of Missouri Lodge of Research while U.S. President, Masonic Ritualist, district lecturer and deputy Grand Master for several years, buried with Masonic rites in Independence, MO, in televised ceremony.
Harry S. Truman was Grand Master of Missouri, an enthusiastic Masonic ritualist, and Master of lodges while an active politician. He attended Masonic lodge meetings while campaigning, and while he was President of the U.S., and he wrote, “The greatest honor that has ever come to me, and that can ever come to me in my life, is to be Grand Master of Masons in Missouri”
Gerald R. Ford
President 1974-1977 / Master Mason 1949
Master Mason 1951, EA Sep. 30, 1949, Malta Lodge No. 465, Grand Rapids, Michigan, courtesy FC & MM Columbia Lodge No. 3, Washington, D.C., Apr. 20 & May 18, 1951
Ford was initiated September 30, 1949, at Malta Lodge No. 465, in Grand Rapids, Michigan, along with his half-brothers Thomas Gardner Ford (1918-1995), Richard Addison Ford and James Francis Ford. The Fellowcraft and Master Mason Degrees were Conferred by Columbia Lodge No. 3, Washington, D.C., on April 20 and May 18, 1951, as a courtesy to Malta Lodge. Brother Ford was made a Sovereign Grand Inspector General, 33rd degree, and Honorary Member, Supreme Council A.A.S.R. Northern Jurisdiction at the Academy of Music in Philadelphia, on September 26, 1962, for which he served as Exemplar (Representative) for his Class. Brother and President Ford was unanimously elected an Active Member of the International Supreme Council, Order of DeMolay and its Honorary Grand Master, at its Annual Session held at Orlando, Florida, April 6-9, 1975.
Ford held this post until January 1977, at which time he became a Past Honorary Grand Master, receiving his Collar and Jewel on October 24, 1978 in Topeka, Kansas, from the Hon. Thomas C. Raum, Jr., Grand Master, Order of DeMolay.
Lyndon B. Johnson
President 1963-1969 / Fellowcraft 1937
Lyndon B. Johnson was initiated on October 30, 1937 in Johnson City Lodge No. 561, at Johnson City, Texas. As having never completed his degrees, Johnson is not considered in this list as one of the Masonic Presidents.
While not a President, Ben Franklin is no less a prominent Founding Father and worthy of being added to this list.
Freemason and the Founding Fathers
George Washington is one of the most famous Freemason from the founding fathers. In the pciture you can see Washington wearing his mason apron which was very special to organization.
Many Americans celebrate our founding father and all they did to help create our country. What few of them know is that many of the founding fathers were also freemasons. Some of the more notable founding fathers to also be masons are: George Washington, Ben Franklin lead the Pennsylvania chapter, Paul Revere lead a Massachusetts chapter, John Hancock, and Chief Justice John Marshall who greatly influenced the shaping of the Supreme Court. All together it is believed that about nine of the fifty-six men that signed the Declaration of Independence were masons, and about thirteen of the thirty-nine that signed the US Constitutions were also masons.
Ben Franklin by many is believed to be the most important person from the revolutionary period that was not a president or vice president. His great influence and knowledge are what made him so important in the early formation of America.
However what is not known about the Freemasons and the Founding Fathers is what there political agenda was. Over the years many scholars have tried to dig up files and letters in order to better understand what the mason were trying to accomplish when helping found the United States. Little have had any luck but most find nothing at all. The masons took great pride in ensuring that their order stayed private and was not known to the outside world. Masons who were in the Public eye like George Washington and Ben Franklin did not openly connect their political views to their masonic association. Without any concrete evidence of what the masons believed it has been left open to the speculation and interpretation of later masons and historians. A view that is shared by all is that mason during the revolutionary period were the ones pushing for America to break away from Great Britain and become its own nation. James Brown wrote this about Ben Franklin "What influence Freemasonry may have had on the life and character of Benjamin Franklin can only be conjecture, but that it did influence him and his contemporaries in the great struggle for American independence seems beyond doubt". Its seems that even if masonry did not have a set standard of political views and agenda all the men that chose to be a part of it shared some common values and views. Like most of Founding Fathers the freemasons from this time period were men way before their time. Sharing views that many others during this time would not have shared or even understood. The bottom line of being a mason is to create a better man and a better world. They did this in America by pushing to separate from Great Britain, which was the only way they thought they could truly create religious freedom for their country. Masons are thought to also have viewed things like slavery and women’s right differently than most. Often pushing for equality in both categories. Many believe that George Washington knew that slavery was wrong and that it had no place in a free nation like America but that he knew the US was not ready to undergo such a change. All of this is speculation and some rooted in very shallow facts. To some extent however we can say that freemasons were men that strived for equality and making tomorrows America better than today.
LYNDON B. JOHNSON
Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th President, was born on August 27, 1908, on a farm near Stonewall, Texas. He was sworn in as the Chief Executive on November 22, 1963, when President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. A year later, running against the Republican nominee, Senator and Brother Barry Goldwater of Arizona, he won a landslide victory, to serve as President for the four-year term, January, 1965 January ,1969. He declined to run for re-election in 1968.
On October 30, 1937, he was initiated an Entered Apprentice in Johnson City, Texas. He never advanced. A week after his initiation he won an election for Representative in Congress and began a very busy political career in Washington which lasted until his retirement from the Presidency in January of 1969.
The opinion among Masons is divided as to whether he should be regarded as a Masonic President, since he never achieved the status of Master Mason. Masonic law in Texas declares that "Entered Apprentices and Fellowcrafts are Masons," although denied certain rights and privileges, Lyndon B. Johnson was accepted and initiated in a Masonic Lodge, and at that time was addressed as "Brother."