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Flying Fish - History

Flying Fish - History


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Flying Fish

A number of fishes of tropic and warm temperate seas whose long winglike fins make it possible for them to move some distance through the air.

(Sch: t. 96; 1. 85'6"; b. 22'6"; cpl. 15; a. 2 guns)

The first Flying Fish, a schooner, was formerly the New York pilot boat Independence, purchased at New York 3 August 1838; and upon joining her squadron in Hampton Roads 12 August 1838 was placed under command of Passed Midshipman S. R. Knox.

Assigned as a tender in the U.S. Exploring Expedition of 1838-42 commanded by Lieutenant C. Wilkes Flying Fish sailed with her squadron 19 August 1838 to visit Madeira and Rio de Janeiro while bound for Tierra del Fuego, where the squadron arrived early in 1839. From this jumping-off point, the squadron made its first cruises toward the Antarctic Continent which it was to discover later the same year after surveys among Pacific islands and a visit to Australia.

After the second penetration of the Antarctic, the squadron rendezvoused in New Zealand in April 1840 to survey Pacific islands northward toward the Hawaiians, where the ships were repaired late in the year. Flying Fish sailed with Peacock to resurvey some of the Samoan, Ellice, Kingsmill, and Pescadore Islands before joining the main body of the squadron on the northwest coast of America in July 1841. Flying Fish made surveys in the Columbia River and around Vancouver, then proceeded to San Francisco, from which the squadron sailed 1 November for the south Pacific. Arriving in the Philippines in mid January 1842, Flging Fish and the other ships separated to cruise the Sulu Seas, then make a planned rendezvous at Singapore in Febuary. Found unfit for further service, Flying Fish was sold there before the squadron sailed for home 26 February.


Chinese Kites — History and Culture

Flying kites is a popular pastime in China.

When we talk about the skies above China, we are often referring to topics like pollution or busy airlines. But beneath the clouds there is a Chinese art form that has glided through history. This ancient relic brings the colors and patterns of the ancient dynasties to the city skies of modern China and the world. It's the famous Chinese kite and its long history of cultural significance begins thousands of years ago.


Flying Fish Evolved to Escape Prehistoric Predators

The first flying fish may have evolved to escape marine reptile predators, researchers say.

These new findings hint that marine life may have recovered more quickly than before thought after the greatest mass extinction in Earth's history, scientists added.

Modern flying fish are capable of gliding through the air as much as 1,300 feet (400 meters) in 30 seconds, with a maximum flight speed of up to about 45 mph (72 kph), probably flying mainly to escape from predators such as dolphins, squid and other fish. Modern flying fish live in tropical and subtropical waters, and no known fossil specimens are older than 65 million years.

Now researchers find evidence that flight evolved another time in the history of fish. This is the earliest example of gliding on water seen in vertebrates &mdash that is, creatures with backbones. [Image Gallery: The Freakiest Fish]

Winged fish

Scientists analyzed fossils they excavated from southwest China in 2009. The ancient bones come from a marine fish named Potanichthys xingyiensis. "Potanos" means winged and "ichthys" means fish in Greek, while "xingyiensis" refers to the city of Xingyi near where the fossil was found.

The fish lived about 235 million to 242 million years ago in what researchers call the Yangtze Sea. This was part of the eastern Paleotethys Ocean that sat about where the Indian Ocean and Southern Asia are now located.

The newfound fish was apparently capable of gliding just like modern flying fish. For instance, it had a greatly enlarged pair of pectoral fins that could have served as wings. It also had a deeply forked tail fin whose lower half was much stronger than its upper half, and swimming with such a fin could potentially generate the power needed to launch the fish out of water.

However, modern flying fish do not appear to descend from this fossil. Instead, the ability to glide on water seems to have evolved independently in this ancient lineage.

Other fossils unearthed in the same area as Potanichthys include those of marine reptiles such as dolphin-shaped ichthyosaurs. These ancient flying fish may have evolved gliding for much the same reasons as modern flying fish &mdash to escape dangerous predators.

"The discovery of Potanichthys significantly adds to our knowledge of the ecological complexity in the Middle Triassic of the Paleotethys Ocean," said researcher Guang-Hui Xu, a paleontologist at China's Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology in Beijing.

End-Permian extinction

The extinct group of fish to which this fossil belonged, known as the thoracopterids, was previously only seen in Austria and Italy. These findings suggest such fish lived from the western to eastern rim of the Paleotethys Ocean, hinting that other forms of life back then could have once spread from what is now Europe to Asia.

"In modern ecosystems, due to limitations of muscle function, flying fishes are unlikely capable of flight at temperatures below 20 degrees C (68 degrees F)," Xu told LiveScience. "We can reasonably apply similar limitations to the Triassic thoracopterids, and we suggest that Potanichthys adds a new datum supporting a generally hot climate in the Middle Triassic eastern Paleotethys Ocean."

Potanichthyslived about 10 million years after the end-Permian mass extinction about 250 million years ago, the greatest die-off in Earth's history, which claimed as much as 95 percent of the world's species.

"The end-Permian mass extinction was the most dramatic event to impact ecological systems on Earth, and recovery from this extinction has long been viewed as more prolonged than the recoveries following other mass extinctions," Xu said. "As the earliest evidence of over-water gliding in vertebrates, the new discovery lends support to the hypothesis that the recovery of marine ecosystems after the end-Permian was more rapid than previously thought."

The scientists detailed their findings online Oct. 31 in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.


Spiritual and Symbolic Meaning of Fishes in Different Cultures and Religions

In Native American Culture

Fishes, particularly the salmon are looked upon by certain North-western tribes as symbols of long life and wisdom. In some legends, fishes are presented as shapeshifters, controlling the water element.

A fish symbolizes knowledge, inspiration, wisdom, and prophecy for the ancient Celts, They held that the salmon gained its wisdom by consuming the sacred hazelnuts from the knowledge well. Thus, eating a salmon mean inheriting its store of knowledge.

In Chinese and Japanese Culture

Koi fishes are given by the Chinese during weddings as an emblem of fertility, devotion and happy matrimony since they are often found to swim in pairs.

Believed to be as brave as a samurai warrior, a koi fish is said to swim up rivers as well as climb waterfalls by the Japanese. Over the years, they have endowed it with several positive qualities like courage and strength.

In Greek Culture

According to their mythology, Aphrodite could evade hazardous events by swimming away, taking the form of a fish.

In Bible and Christianity

Here, a fish is taken as symbolizing Christ’s faith, charity, and abundance. A biblical story goes how Christ fed his 5,000 disciples with 2 fishes and 5 loaves and called them “fishers of men.” In fact, the fish symbol was originally used by the Greeks and Romans as representing fertility. The Christians made an acrostic from the Greek word for fish, “ichthys” as early as the first century and it is, “Iesous Christos Theou Yios Soter”, meaning Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior. During the time of Jesus, fish being a widely popular staple food, influenced the early Christians to use it as a secret password, mainly to evade persecution of their faith. The Christian fish, largely used by Catholics typically sports a fish with a tiny cross.

In many pagan traditions, fishes are seen as symbolizing female fertility with the constant flow of water, representing the “Divine Mother”.

In Buddhism

Here, a fish, specifically a pair of golden ones, symbolizes one of the 8 symbols of the enlightened Buddha.

In Hinduism

Amidst the 10 avatars of the supreme god of the Vaishnavas, Vishnu, the first is depicted as a “Matsya” or one having the torso of a man, while the lower half that of a fish.

Here, the quality of fishes to produce plenty of eggs leads it to be taken as a symbol of fertility and luck.


What Lies Ahead

Although the Service removed the bald eagle from the list of threatened and endangered species under the Endangered Species Act, it will still be protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act. Both laws prohibit killing, selling or otherwise harming eagles, their nests, or eggs.

The Service has continued to work with state wildlife agencies to monitor the status of bald eagles for five years after delisting, as required by the Endangered Species Act. If the species should need the protection of the Act, the Service can relist it as endangered or threatened. In the meantime, individual states may also pass or implement laws to protect bald eagles.

As part of the 2016 Eagle Rule Revisions, the Service committed to a long-term monitoring plan of bald and golden eagles in order to determine appropriate thresholds for permit issuance. Assuming sufficient appropriated funding, the Service plans to conduct eagle surveys on a 6-year rotation: One set of paired summer–winter golden eagle surveys in the first and second and fourth and fifth years of each assessment period, and to conduct bald eagle surveys in years three and six.


Flying Fish - History

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The Flying Fishe, c.1585-1593, John White. A watercolour study of a silvery flying fish.

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Flying Fish - History

(SS-229: dp. 1,526 1. 311'8" b. 27'4" dr. 16'3"
s. 20 k. cpl. 60 a. 1 3", 10 21" tt. cl. Gato)

The second Flying Fish (SS-229) was launched 9 July 1941 by Portsmouth Navy Yard sponsored by Mrs. Husband E. Kimmel, wife of the Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet and commissioned 10 December 1941, Lieutenant Commander Glynn R. Donaho in command. She was reclassified AGSS-229 on 29 November 1950.

Flying Fish arrived at Pearl Harbor for final training 2 May 1942, and 15 days later was ordered out to patrol west of Midway, threatened by an expected Japanese attack. During the Battle of Midway 4 to 6 June, she and her sisters fanned out to scout and screen the island, at which she refitted from 9 to 11 June. Continuing her first full war patrol, she searched major shipping lanes in empire waters and scored a hit on a Japanese destroyer off Taiwan during the night of 3 July. She returned to Midway to refit on 25 July and on 15 August she sailed on her second war patrol, bound for a station north of Truk.

On 28 August 1942, 3 days after arriving on station, Flying Fish sighted the masts of a Japanese battleship, guarded by two destroyers and air cover. Four torpedoes were launched at this prime target, and two hits were picked up by sound. Immediately the counterattack began, and as Flying Fish prepared to launch torpedoes at one of the destroyers, rapidly closing to starboard, her commanding officer was blinded by a geyser of water thrown up by a bomb. Flying Fish went deep for cover. A barrage of 36 depth charges followed. When Flying Fish daringly came up to periscope depth 2 hours later, she found the two destroyers still searching aided by two harbor submarine chasers and five aircraft. A great cloud of black smoke hung over the scene, persisting through the remaining hours of daylight. As Flying Fish upped periscope again a little later, a float plane dropped bombs directly astern, and the alert destroyers closed in. A salvo of torpedoes at one of the destroyers missed, and Flying Fish went deep again to endure another depth charging. Surfacing after dark, she once more attracted the enemy through excessive smoke from one of her engines, and again she was forced down by depth charges. Early in the morning of 29 August, she at last cleared the area to surface and charge her batteries.

Unshaken by this long day of attack, she closed Truk once more 2 September 1942, and attacked a 400-ton patrol vessel, only to see her torpedoes fail to explode upon hitting the target. The patrol ship ran down the torpedo tracks and began a depth charge attack, the second salvo of which damaged Flying Fish considerably. A second patrol ship came out to join the search as Flying Fish successfully evaded both and cleared the area. Determinedly, she returned to the scene late the next night, and finding a single patrol vessel, sank her with two torpedoes just after midnight early on 4 September. Two hours later a second patrol craft came out, and as Flying Fish launched a stern shot, opened fire, then swerved to avoid the torpedo. Flying Fish dived for safety, enduring seven depth charge runs by the patrol vessel before it was joined by two destroyers who kept the submarine under attack for 5 hours. At last able to haul off, Flying Fish sailed for Pearl Harbor to repair damage between 15 September and 27 October.

During her third war patrol, south of the Marshall Islands, Flying Fish three times launched bold attacks on Japanese task forces, only to suffer the frustration of poor torpedo performance, or to score hits causing damage which postwar evaluation could not confirm. She arrived at Brisbane for refit on 16 December 1942 and on 6 January 1943, started her fourth war patrol, a reconnaissance of the Marianas. Along with gaining much valuable intelligence, she damaged a freighter in Apra Harbor 26 January, hit a passenger-cargo ship in Tinian's Sunharon Roadstead 6 February, and sank another freighter in the presence of patrolling aircraft and surface escorts 16 February.

Again returning to Pearl Harbor to replenish between 28 February 1943 and 24 March, Flying Fish made her fifth war patrol on the coast of Honshu, battered by foul weather. On 12 April, she closed the northern coast to make a daring attack an a freighter, which she sank, again in the presence of scout planes and armed trawlers. Moving south to Hokkaido, Flying Fish damaged a large freighter on the 13th, and on the 15th torpedoed an interisland cargo ship who beached in a mass of flames. Two days later, continuing her bold inshore attacks, Flying Fish sank another freighter, and in the Tsugara Strait on 24 April, sent yet another cargo ship to the bottom. On 1 May a small interisland freighter was sunk, but an alert enemy antisubmarine group shook Flying Fish considerably before she could clear the area. She returned to Midway from this highly successful patrol 11 May.

After five grueling patrols Lieutenant Commander Donaho turned the command over to Captain Frank T. Watkins for the 6th patrol from 2 June 1943 to 27 July. Flying Fish patrolled in the Volcano Islands and off Taiwan. Her first attacks, two against the same convoy, resulted in unconfirmed damage, but off Taiwan on 2 July, she blasted the stern off a cargo ship, watching it sink. While Pearl Harbor-bound from her patrol area, she made a 2-day chase for a fast convoy but was forced by her dwindling fuel supply to break off the hunt. On 11 July she destroyed a 125-foot sailing vessel with gunfire, leaving it aflame from stem to stern.

After a major overhaul at Pearl Harbor from 27 July 1943 to 4 October Flying Fish sailed on her seventh war patrol, again with her original skipper, bound for the Palaus. Her first attack, on 18 October scored at least one hit on an auxiliary aircraft carrier. A 2-day tracking of a well-escorted convoy from 26 to 28 October resulted in the sinking of one, and the damaging of two merchantmen before Flying Fish ran out of torpedoes. She arrived at Midway 6 November.

Flying Fish's eighth war patrol, the first to be commanded by Lieutenant Commander R. D. Risser, between Taiwan and the China coast from 30 November 1943 to 28 January 1944, found her sinking a cargo ship on 16 December, and a tanker on 27 December. Her refit and retraining between patrols were held once more at Pearl Harbor, and she sailed for her ninth war patrol 22 February. Off Iwo Jima on 12 March, she sent a merchantman to the bottom, then sailed to close Okinawa and attack a convoy in the early morning darkness of 16 March. A passenger cargo ship was sunk and a tanker damaged in this attack. Pressing on with her chase for 6 hours in the hope of finishing off the tanker, Flying Fish was detected and held down by aircraft and destroyers while the tanker escaped. On the afternoon of 31 March, Flying Fish was attacked by a Japanese submarine, whose torpedoes she skillfully evaded. Bound for Majuro at the close of her patrol, the submarine torpedoed and sank u. freighter moored at Kitu Daito Jima.

Refitting at Majuro between 11 April 1944 and 4 May, Flying Fish then sailed for her tenth war patrol coordinated with the assault on the Marianas scheduled to open the next month. First she covered shipping lanes between Ulithi, Yap, and Palau, coming under severe attack on the night of 24-25 May when she was detected while attacking a four-ship convoy. At dawn, however, she had got back into position to sink two of the ships, both passenger-cargo types. Now with other submarines she headed to take up a patrol station between the Palaus and San Bernardino Straits, from which she could scout any movement by the enemy fleet out of its base at Tawi in the Sulus while the marines were landed on Saipan. On 15 June day of the invasion, Flying Fish spotted the Japanese carrier force emerging from San Bernardino Strait bound westward. Her prompt report of this movement enabled a sister submarine to sink the carrier Shokaku 4 days later as American carrier aircraft broke the back of Japanese naval aviation in the Battle of the Philippine Sea. Flying Fish remained on her scouting station until 23 June, then sailed for Manus and Brisbane. Here she refitted between 5 July and 1 August.

During her 11th war patrol, off Davao Gulf, the coast of Celebes, and along the shipping lanes from the Philippines to Halmahera, Flying Fish was held down much of the time by enemy aircraft. After refueling at Mios Woendi 29 August 1944 to 1 September, she closed Celebes, where on 7 September she detected a concealed enemy airstrip. Her report led to the airfield's bombardment by aircraft 11 days later. Through the remainder of her patrol she served on lifeguard duty for air strikes on Celebes, returning to Midway 18 October. She sailed on for an extensive overhaul at San Francisco, where she was equipped with mine detection and clearance equipment to enable her to penetrate the Sea of Japan.

Tests with her new gear preceded her return to Guam 18 May 1945, where she joined a submarine task group for her 12th war patrol. She sailed 29 May for the heavily mined Tsushima Strait, entering the Sea of Japan 7 June. Now each submarine headed for her own assigned area, Flying Fish setting course north for the coast of Korea. On 10 June, in separate attacks, she sank two cargo ships, taking aboard one survivor. Five days later she sank l 0 small craft with gunfire and sent two onto the beach. Completing her patrol at Pearl Harbor 4 July, Flying Fish returned to New London 21 September to become flagship of Commander, Submarine Force, Atlantic Fleet.

During the next 8 years, from her base at New London, the veteran Flying Fish conducted reserve training cruises in Long Island and Block Island Sound, exercised off the Virginia Capes, trained men of foreign navies, joined in major operations in the Caribbean, and cruised to Canadian ports. On 11 January 1951, she completed her duty as flagship, and began to serve the Underwater Sound Laboratory in sonar experiments. On 29 February 1952, at 1053 Flying Fish made submarine history as she dived for the 5,000th time, first American submarine to reach such a record. On board for the event was a distinguished party headed by Secretary of the Navy D. A. Kimball. Placed in commission in reserve 31 December 1953, Flying Fish was decommissioned at New London 28 May 1954 and was sold for scrapping 1 May 1959.

Of Flying Fish's 12 war patrols, all save the 11th were designated"Successful." She is credited with having sunk a total of 58,306 tons of enemy shipping. She received 12 battle stars for World War II service.


The Fish That Nearly Sank Isaac Newton's Career

An intricate image of a flying fish is one of hundreds of images now searchable online courtesy of the Royal Society, the United Kingdom's national academy of science.

This striking wood engraving appeared in the 1686 text "Historia Piscium" or "The History of Fishes" by John Ray and Francis Willughby. Now mostly forgotten, the book was groundbreaking for its time. Unfortunately, "The History of Fishes" almost prevented another groundbreaking work from being published: Isaac Newton's "Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica" ("Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy").

The lavish engravings in "The History of Fishes" were so expensive to publish that they nearly bankrupted the young Royal Society, at that time only 26 years old. Short of cash, the Society had to rescind its promise to help pay for the production of Newton's masterpiece.

Fortunately for Newton (and for science), his "Principia" caught astronomer Edmond Halley's eye. Halley would be remembered mainly for computing the orbit of the comet that bears his name, but at the time he was a young Royal Society clerk. Halley took on the "Principia" as a personal project, raising funds (many from his own pocket) to get the work published in 1687. Newton's book included his three laws of motion, which along with his law of universal gravitation, was able to explain the orbits of planets. In fact, his book is still widely considered to be one of the most important scientific works of all time, covering physics and mathematics. [6 Weird Facts About Gravity]

It might seem strange that the Royal Society nearly passed up Newton's work for a book about fish, but the scientific revolution was young, said Jonathan Ashmore, the chair of the Royal Society's library committee.

"Although the Principia may have gone on to achieve lasting fame and glory, we hope that visitors to our new online picture resource will be able to appreciate why early Fellows of the Royal Society were so impressed by Willughby's stunning illustrations of piscine natural history," Ashmore said in a statement.

The new picture library is the first time the Royal Society's image collections have been available online.

The picture library also includes Robert Hooke's 17th-century engravings of microscopic organisms, some of the first images drawn directly from a microscope. There are astronomical illustrations of Captain James Cook's voyages to Tahiti, portraits of various Royal Society scientists and even historical political cartoons satirizing science figures.

You can follow LiveScience senior writer Stephanie Pappas on Twitter @sipappas. Follow LiveScience for the latest in science news and discoveries on Twitter @livescience and on Facebook.


What Are GloFish?

Fireflies flicker and flash as they dart through their mating dances, all the while transforming a lovely summer night into a magical evening. While the bioluminescence that allows these insects to glow and gain the moniker “lightning bugs” creates wonder in humans, it is a not-uncommon feature in the animal world, especially for fish and other marine species.

National Geographic defines bioluminescence as light that occurs from the reaction between two chemicals within a living organism: the compound luciferin and either luciferase or photoprotein. The ability to produce light is not just a flashy feature bioluminescence can give the animal a competitive advantage. For example, deep-sea vampire squids eject glowing mucus to startle predators, and hatchet fish use light-producing organs to adjust reflections off their bodies, masking themselves to prey who are hunting them from below. Other animals that glow or flash to get ahead at sea and on land include plankton, coral, and glowworms.

For decades, scientists and medical researchers studied bioluminescence in nature and have adapted fluorescent genes as biomarkers for many applications. That is how GloFish found their way into home aquariums across the country.

Scientists in Singapore were the first to genetically modify fish to fluoresce. The long-term goal for the scientists was to detect toxins in water so that polluted waterways could be identified and the local communities using those waterways could be protected.

“The first step was to make them fluoresce all the time,” explains Alan Blake, co-founder and CEO of Texas-based Yorktown Technologies, which introduced GloFish to the home aquarium market in 2003. “The eventual goal was that they would selectively fluoresce in the presence of toxins,” he said.

Yorktown Technologies purchased the license to those always-fluorescing fish and bred its first fluorescent aquarium pet, the Starfire Red Danio, in 2003. Today there are 12 lines—species and color combination—of GloFish, including tetras, zebra fish, and barbs, in such colors as Electric Green, Moonrise Pink, and Cosmic Blue.

The fish appear bright under normal white light and fluoresce brilliantly under a blue light. They are also quite striking under black light in a completely darkened room.

Since their introduction, Blake says the fish have created excitement in the home aquarium world, with children especially fascinated by them.

GloFish now comprise “roughly ten percent of all aquarium fish industry sales,” said Blake, noting that number includes both GloFish-branded products and non-GloFish products sold along with the fish.

Before GloFish could be sold legally in the United States, they had to pass regulatory muster as genetically modified animals with the federal FDA, which worked in coordination with the USDA and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, as well as with various state regulators. The state of California initially balked at the idea of transgenic fish, but in 2015 reversed course and allowed aquarium owners to buy and keep them.

Initially, there were misconceptions and misunderstandings. Some environmental scientists were concerned that the fish could harm local wild populations if released by pet owners. However, the tropical fish cannot survive in North American waters.

“Their non-GloFish equivalents have not established in the wild, and it is reasonable to assume that a bright, fluorescent equivalent would have even less of a chance of survival,” says Craig A. Watson, director of the Tropical Aquaculture Laboratory at the University of Florida. “These are little fish that are prey for larger fish.”

“It’s like a big neon sign saying ‘eat me,’” Blake says of the disadvantage of being a bright, fluorescent fish in an environment chock full of predators.

Even if they are released into the wild, the fluorescent gene does not stay in the population, according to an extensive study by Purdue University. Traditional zebrafish consistently beat out their glowing counterparts when it came to winning mates, the study found. There also is no evidence indicating the fluorescent genes from GloFish are transferred to any other species, Watson says.

Marine biologists and environmental scientists rarely, if ever, agree, he notes, but after more than a decade in circulation, Watson can think of no issues in the wild created by GloFish. “If there had been any, I am sure it would have been widely reported,” he says.

“There will always be purists within the hobby who don’t even like fancy strains, such as long-fin, albino, etc., natural mutations that are common within many domestic fish. Those people probably will never buy a GloFish,” says Watson. “However, a LOT of people love them.”

George Goulart, owner of Aqua-Life Central, a fish and aquarium store in Providence, R.I., is one of those purists. He carries GloFish, but they are not his favorite and he says he sells more of the traditional black tetra fish.

“They are very popular because of the colors,” says Goulart, who has 40 years of experience in the fish and aquarium business.

He says some aquarium owners buy fish by appearance, simply for decoration without knowing anything about the species, and he tries to educate them. He thinks the impulse to jazz up their aquariums is what prompts people to purchase GloFish.

Blake says education about the fish is important, as the public sometimes falsely believes GloFish are dyed or injected with color, while they are actually bred to glow.

“We say they are born brilliant,” Blake notes. “A gene is inserted in one fish embryo one time, and the fluorescence trait is then carried from generation to generation through traditional breeding.”

The fact that they are not dyed or injected is the reason Goulart will carry them in his store. He says he will not sell fish that are dyed or injected.

“It’s not healthy for them it affects all their systems,” he says of dying and injecting fish. But those health concerns do not apply to GloFish, he says. “It’s just the skin that changes color. It doesn’t affect their systems,” Goulart notes.

When it comes to the care of GloFish, their needs are the same as their duller freshwater brethren regarding tank size, water temperature, food, etc. Life spans average from 3.5 to 5 years, comparable to the average life span of tetras and many other aquarium fish.

As GloFish make a bright splash in aquariums around the country, will we soon be seeing other glowing species on the horizon? Blake says he does not expect pet owners to start clamoring for a hot-pink poodle anytime soon.

“There are a lot of marine fish that have bright colors and a couple hundred [non-fish] species that are actually fluorescent. I think because of this, GloFish look natural to people. A fluorescent dog or cat would not look natural and would not likely be something people would want,” he says.

Image: Build Your Aquarium , GloFish.com

You can learn more about the science of GloFish at the official GloFish site.


Watch the video: FLYING FISH JUMPS OUT OF A PLANE - I Am Fish Part 14. Pungence (July 2022).


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